Ambassador Hussein Haridi, the former assistant foreign minister, said that the accusations contained in Ethiopia’s message to the UN Security Council are null, stressing that Addis Ababa insists on imposing a fait accompli policy on Egypt and Sudan.
Haridi added – in an interview with the episode (3/3/2021) of the “Beyond the News” program – that the claim that the military cooperation agreement between Egypt and Sudan is directed at Ethiopia is not true, because Egypt has always emphasized during the negotiation rounds the need for cooperation between the source country ( Ethiopia) and the two downstream countries (Egypt and Sudan).
Haridi indicated that the Ethiopian strategy is based on placing Egypt and Sudan in front of the fait accompli, in addition to accusing them of obstructing an agreement that is contrary to the truth.
Regarding Ethiopia’s accusations against Egypt and Sudan of internationalizing the Renaissance Dam crisis, Haridi said that any member state of the United Nations has the right to resort to the UN Security Council as the body entrusted with discussing everything related to international peace and security.
Haridi considered that the Renaissance Dam crisis is an international crisis since the first day because it concerns 3 member states of the United Nations, all of which are subject to the laws regulating international waterways.
For his part, Sudanese political analyst and expert in conflict resolution Amin Ismail Majzoub said that during the past ten years, Ethiopia has followed a time-buying approach and a new “agenda” that changes every few days.
Majzoub reviewed a long history of negotiations between Egypt and Sudan with Ethiopia during the past years, all of which have failed, starting with the mediation of the State of South Africa, then the Committee of African Experts, through the refusal to sign the Washington summit statement, which prompted former US President Donald Trump to impose economic sanctions. On Addis Ababa, all the way to the last Kinshasa summit.
Majzoub added that Ethiopia had also rejected Sudan’s proposal with quadripartite mediation consisting of the African Union, the United Nations, the United States and the European Union.
Majzoub pointed out that the first filling of the Renaissance Dam last year led to the “starvation” of all Sudanese water stations, and the opening of the water after the fall of the rains led to floods that the whole world saw their damage to Sudan. Advertising
Regarding Ethiopia’s offer to form a committee to examine the damages that occurred to Sudan after the first filling of the dam, Majzoub asked: How do we accept the formation of a committee a year after the damage occurred? Describing the Ethiopian proposal as nothing more than an evasive and a buy of time.
Response to escalate
On the other hand, the Ethiopian researcher and political analyst, Musa Sheikho, said that Ethiopia’s message to the UN Security Council came in response to what he described as an unjustified escalation, especially from Sudan, considering that behind this escalation an internal crisis.
Sheikho added that Ethiopia submitted successive proposals to solve the Renaissance Dam crisis, but they were rejected, and Addis Ababa, from Cairo and Khartoum, found nothing but determination to internationalize the dam issue and repeated attempts to thwart the negotiations under the auspices of the African Union.
And far from any indications of a solution, the Ethiopian Renaissance Dam crisis continues due to verbal battles between its parties. In a new chapter, Addis Ababa accused Egypt and Sudan of escalation and military build-up, disrupting negotiations and seeking to destabilize the region’s security.
The accusations came in an Ethiopian letter to the Security Council, which coincided with the announcement by Khartoum and Cairo to take measures – no details of which were mentioned – in anticipation of Addis Ababa’s re-filling of the dam without an agreement before that.
For its part, the Egyptian Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation revealed yesterday, Sunday, its plans to avoid the risk of the second mobilization of the Renaissance Dam, indicating that it is fully prepared for all possible scenarios according to the worst conditions, by managing a strong system for every drop of water.
The spokesman for the ministry, Mohamed Ghanem, indicated that Egypt rejects the second mobilization unilaterally, because it will definitely affect Egypt and Sudan, according to his words.
He added that Ethiopia did not generate energy last year, and it is very likely that it will not generate it this year, but it is seeking to impose a fait accompli policy, which Cairo rejects.
For its part, Sudanese Foreign Minister Maryam Al-Sadiq Al-Mahdi said that the second mobilization of the Renaissance Dam without an agreement is dangerous.
The minister had informed Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni of her country’s position on the second mobilization of the Renaissance Dam, and the results of recent negotiations. She indicated that Ethiopia’s obstinacy and its rejection make it an aggressor who uses time to do harm to others.
For his part, the Ugandan President promised to contact the Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed as soon as possible to negotiate with him to bring points of view closer, which would lead to serious negotiations.