Sudan is witnessing an intense US and African diplomatic movement to discuss the border tensions with Ethiopia and the Renaissance Dam crisis, while Addis Ababa called on Khartoum to peacefully resolve the differences, accusing the countries of the Nile River mouth of politicizing technical issues.
Today, the US special envoy to the Horn of Africa, Jeffrey Feltman, began an African tour that includes Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan. Read also Ethiopia relies upon it to build the Renaissance Dam .. What is the Declaration of Principles Agreement?The Renaissance Dam .. What are the options of Egypt and Sudan?Submission, withdrawal, or escalation? .. What will Egypt and Sudan do in light of Ethiopia’s insistence on filling the Renaissance Dam?
A delegation from the US Congress also held meetings with the President of the Sudanese Sovereignty Council, Abdel Fattah Al-Burhan, and the Prime Minister, Abdullah Hamdok, regarding the Renaissance Dam and the border tension with Ethiopia.
The delegation includes a member of the Foreign Relations Committee in Congress, Senator Christopher Kunz and Senator Chris Van Hollen.
“We want to be partners with Sudan to support the transition and reach democracy, peace and justice,” Kunz said, according to a statement by the Sudanese Ministry of Finance.
The visit also comes – according to the statement – to strengthen strategic and economic relations and cooperation between the two countries, to discuss the latest developments in the Renaissance Dam and its impact in the region, and to discuss the issue of drawing Sudan’s borders with Ethiopia.
Meanwhile, Eritrean President Isaias Afewerki is discussing with Burhan ways to support and enhance bilateral cooperation between the two countries, and issues of common concern.
According to Sudanese press sources, Afewerki will also mediate during his visit to Khartoum to settle the border crisis between Sudan and Ethiopia, as well as discuss the Renaissance Dam file. Advertising
The new mediation attempt comes while the Sudanese Minister of Foreign Affairs, Maryam Al-Sadiq Al-Mahdi, confirmed, on Monday, that Khartoum deals with the second filling of the Renaissance Dam as a national security issue that affects the lives of millions of Sudanese.
This came in a statement issued by Al-Mahdi after her meeting with the President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Felix Tshisekedi, in the capital, Kinshasa, at the end of an African tour that began Thursday, which included Kenya, Rwanda and Uganda, to explain her country’s position on the dam crisis.
Addis Ababa insists on a second filling of the dam with water in July and August, even if no agreement is reached, and says that it does not aim to harm the interests of Egypt and Sudan, and that the purpose of building the dam is to generate electricity.
Egypt and Sudan adhere to first reaching a tripartite agreement that preserves their water facilities, and ensures the continued flow of their annual share of the Nile water, estimated at 55.5 billion cubic meters and 18.5 billion cubic meters, respectively.
In the same context, Ethiopia accused Sudan of misleading the Sudanese and the international community, as described, on issues related to the borders and the tripartite negotiations on the Renaissance Dam.
The Ethiopian Foreign Ministry said that what the Sudanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs said regarding the affiliation of the Benishangul region aims to cover up what it described as the continuous Sudanese aggression since last November.
She said that what she described as the unprecedented Sudanese military actions led to looting and burning property, killing civilians and displacing thousands of Ethiopians.
The statement affirmed Ethiopia’s categorical rejection of any attempts to preserve the water quota agreements, which it described as unfair, considering that the insistence of the downstream countries on monopolizing the waters of the Nile and the politicization of technical issues are the main challenges that faced the tripartite negotiations regarding the Renaissance Dam.
The statement called for a peaceful solution to the border issues with Sudan and the completion of the tripartite negotiations on the Renaissance Dam in accordance with the Declaration of Principles Agreement.