South Sudanese President Salva Kiir Mayardit dissolved parliament, in a long-awaited step to pave the way for the appointment of deputies from the former warring parties in the country, in implementation of the peace agreement concluded to end the civil war that began in 2013.
The decree of the dissolution was read on state television, and included the dissolution of the two houses of parliament: the Transitional National Legislative Council and the Council of States, but he did not specify a date for the new parliament to assume its duties.
The peace agreement that ended the civil war provides for an increase in the number of parliament members from 400 to 550, and the necessity for it to include members from all parties participating in the peace agreement.
This step was supposed to take place in February 2020, coinciding with the formation of a national unity government, but the president has not made it so far despite the opposition’s repeated demands.
South Sudan gained independence from the Republic of Sudan in 2011, after a civil war that lasted for decades, and violence erupted in late 2013 after Salva Kiir, a member of the Dinka tribe, sacked Vice President Riek Machar, a member of the Nuer tribe.
The two men concluded numerous agreements to end the war, which has caused the deaths of an estimated 400,000 people, and have repeatedly postponed deadlines for forming a national unity government, but they eventually formed it in 2020.