The unearthed pyramid and plaza of the ancient Mayan city of Tikal may serve as a visitor’s embassy to the greater Teotihuacan city more than 620 miles away.
In the report published by the American “Life Science” website , writer Stephanie Papas said that this archaeological site may bear witness to a period of cooperation between the city of Tikal, which is located in the Guatemalan rain forest, and the city of Teotihuacan, which is located near the Mexican capital (Mexico City), and a century later. One or so temple building invaders – possibly Teotihuacan – took control of Tikal. Read also “Inca” … the first novel in Spanish about the Inca civilization Mel Gibson making a fictional film in the ancient Mayan language Death of David Graeper, anarchist anthropologist and author of Nonsense Jobs
The closed square and the pyramid of the stairs look like a miniature version of a structure called “La Ciudadela” or the fortress in the city of Teotihuacan, and that fortress included a temple known as the “Pyramid of the Winged Serpent” and a square of 38 acres, enough to accommodate 100,000 people.
The smaller version of the Mayan city of Tikal not only has the same design, it also has the same orientation, and is filled with artifacts with ties to Teotihuacan, including a tomb built in the Teotihuacan style.
According to the director of the excavation project, Edwin Roman Ramirez, an archaeologist at the Foundation for the Cultural and Natural Heritage of the Maya, who announced the discovery at a press conference on April 8, this discovery proved that “persons belonging to the city of Teutihuacan or people closely related to the culture of Teuthuacan occupied the city of Taiwan.” Tikal for a long time.
Maya in Tikal
Tikal was one of the cities that embraced the Mayan civilization, which may have been home to tens of thousands of people during its prosperity in the period of the Classical Maya civilization between about 250 to 900 AD.
After a succession of local rulers, the city was invaded in 378 AD by a general named Siah Kaak.
In the stone carvings, the general is depicted as a leader represented by a spearman and an owl, a sculpture also found in Teotihuacan, and this association has led many archaeologists to believe that the invaders came from Teotihuacan.
But perhaps the relationship of the two cities did not begin in this way, perhaps more than 100 thousand people lived in Teotihuacan during its prosperity in the first half of the first century AD, and it seems that its cultural influence was widespread, and Roman Ramírez said that art and antiques in the style of Teotihuacan were found some time ago. Long in excavations in Guatemala.
Roman Ramirez and his team observed for the first time the new structure of the pyramid and the square in a survey of “lidar” (technology for determining range by light) in 2019, and the lidar uses lasers to map an accurate map of the terrain on the ground via a plane in the sky.
The city of Tikal is in a rainforest, and the lidar is removing vegetation to highlight any shapes or formations that need further investigation. Advertising
After 4 months of excavation, a structure built on 6 different stages was discovered, and researchers do not know many details about the first stage of construction yet, but the second stage dates back approximately to the year 250 AD, which is reminiscent of the architecture found in central Mexico.
As for the third stage of construction – which took place shortly after – it made the structure more like Fort Teotihuacan, and the pyramid and the square were facing 13 degrees east from the true north, and the pyramid was very similar to the ceremonial buildings in Teotihuacan, which were located 15 degrees east from the true north.
During this stage, researchers found a tomb and did not yet know much about the identity of the person buried inside it, but the deceased was covered with a thin layer of broken porcelain surrounded by arrowheads made of obsidian green that was used by the warriors of Teotihuacan.
Roman Ramirez stated that only 6 similar burials were found in Tikal, and chemical analysis of one of the skeletons in those tombs revealed that the person originated in central Mexico.
Interestingly, the pyramid of the winged serpent at Fort Teotihuacan is home to a mass grave of more than 200 people who may have been captives and who were also buried with arrowheads and porcelain shards.
“We do not know if the tomb that we discovered belonged to a local person or another person, or whether he was a captive,” Roman Ramirez said, but researchers are still studying the bones.
Later construction phases showed evidence of mysterious rituals that include thousands of pieces of porcelain, incense burners used in celebrations of Teotihuacan, and drawings representing the rain god of Teotihuacan.
Roman Ramirez said the incense burners appeared to be made from a mixture of local and foreign materials, indicating that someone familiar with Teotihuacan art used to make them in Tikal.
The researchers found some other hints about Tikal, according to which Teotihuacan or the people who adopted its culture were living in the city that embraces the Maya civilization, for example there was a residential complex in the city built with soil covered with plaster, an architectural style characteristic of Teotihuacan, which is the same art Architecture that has been spotted in the mini fortress of Tikal.
The researchers plan to spend another 4 months excavating at Fort Tikal this year, and they will extend the excavations until 2022 if they find more evidence.
Roman Ramirez noted that the research reveals the depth of the connection that existed between Central American cities at that time, adding that “the interesting and important thing for researchers is to show how Tikal was a very multicultural city.”