On April 18 of each year, the world celebrates World Heritage Day set by the International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) under the auspices of UNESCO and the World Heritage Organization in order to protect human heritage.
And 105 kilometers from Doha, in the northern municipality of Qatar, is the ancient city of Al Zubarah, which was a historic monument for a city that was established in the mid-18th century and has become one of the most major shopping centers in the region, specifically the pearl trade. Read also UNESCO list: the Damascus rose, the date palm, the Arbaeenya Hussain and the Gnaoua world heritage A call to protect the pyramids of Meroe and the monuments of Al-Bajrawiya. Sudan calls on UNESCO to save its monuments from floods UNESCO celebrates International Day of Islamic Art Moroccan “couscous”, Tunisian “honoraria” and Turkish “miniature” on UNESCO’s list of intangible heritage
The World Heritage Committee of the United Nations Educational, Cultural and Scientific Organization (UNESCO) has listed the ancient city of Al-Zubarah in Qatar on UNESCO’s list of World Heritage sites , and this was part of its 37th session, held in capital Phnom Penh in 2013.
A team of Danish archaeologists classified the town of Al Zubarah – meaning high ground – an archaeological site for the first time in the 1950s, after which a team of Qatari and Danish archaeologists excavated the site.
After conducting studies and research on the site, a large group of archaeological finds dating from the period between the 18th and 19th centuries were found, and they are now in the permanent collection of the National Museum of Qatar, which has been on display. in the galleries of the museum as well as in the town of Al Zubarah.
Today, April 18, International World Heritage Day @UNESCO aims to raise awareness of human cultural heritage. Al Zubarah Historic Site was inscribed in the State of Qatar in 2013, on the World Heritage List. It was an important site for life and commerce during the period between the 19th and 18th centuries for the region @ furqanmoosani777gmail-comQatar_Museums pic.twitter.com/qu1PEBjVXu
– Nasser H Hinzab (@HinzabH) April 18, 2021
Al Zubarah – a historic and uninhabited coastal town today – stretches across the northwest coast and was established in the mid-18th century and has flourished to become one of the most important and important residential areas in the Qatar at that time. Its prosperity sparked the interest of other major powers in the Gulf region at the time.
The city’s commercial role ended in 1811 and it was not completely rebuilt, so its inhabitants deserted it in the middle of the 20th century. Al Zubarah covers an area of 60 hectares and contains the remains of houses, mosques, large fortified buildings and a market.
World heritage site
According to the Qatar Museums website, Al Zubarah was once a thriving port filled with fishermen and merchants, and the area was registered in 2009 as a protected area, and since then Qatar Museums have chaired a group of scientists and archaeologists to conduct archaeological investigations at the site, which – through their research and the involvement of local communities – has documented periods of prosperity, collapse and shedding light on this unique region. Publicity
The classified site consists of 3 main parts, the most important of which are the archaeological remains of the city, which date from 1760. As for the castle of Murrer, it is an interconnected settlement in the first city of Al Zubarah , fortified to protect the inner wells of the city. While Fort Al Zubarah, which was built in 1938, is the most recent and important feature of the site.
Al Zubarah and its cultural environment reveal the social and economic transformation of the land and the history of the traditions of urban trade and pearl fishing which were the source of livelihood of major coastal cities from the beginning of the Islamic period to the 20th century. . Zubarah is a valuable example of the city planning capabilities of this period.
A visit to the archaeological site invites reflection on the coexistence and harmony between the cultures and ethnic groups of the Arabian Peninsula during this period, as well as examples of traditional Qatari construction techniques.