On this day, May 3rd 1320 AD, the Christian “shepherds” group killed every Jew they found in the French city of Toulouse, besieged 500 of them in a tower and gave them the choice between baptism and death!
A popular crusade was launched in the meantime under the auspices of two French clerics, to “kill the infidels and restore the Iberian Peninsula from the Muslims,” but it failed to obtain the support of the Church and the nobles, so it went to kill hundreds of Jews and French and plunder the cities and villages in France and Aragon, before To be annihilated in the same year
In a remembrance of this memory, the French magazine Le Point said that 10 thousand beggars and irresponsible horizons called themselves “Pastoureaux” suddenly invaded the streets of Paris in long lines, aggressively waving sticks and singing psalms, and the residents were forced to hide in their homes and merchants. To close their stores.
People asked: Who are these miserable-looking invaders? To respond to them that they are going on a crusade, and that they turned to Paris to obtain the king’s support and to free some of the prisoners in the “Châtelet” by force if necessary. When the governor of Paris met them to negotiate with them, they killed him, run over the steps of the prison, and rushed into the dark castle to get their comrades out of their prison.
This violence prompted the authorities – as the magazine says – to send forces to confront the invaders who preferred to retreat, amid insults at the army, but without a battle taking place, because the “shepherds” in the end, they withdrew and took the road to the region of Aquitaine (southwest), after their failure. In persuading the king to support their Crusade war, and they decided to ethnically cleanse the south of the country, and if they did not find the Mohammedans (Muslims) then the cleansing of the Jews.
This second crusade of the shepherds – after the first campaign in 1251 – was launched from Mont Saint-Michel, where young peasants went on pilgrimage from northern France, after an apostate monk and a priest expelled from the church persuaded them to go to fight the infidels in the Holy Land, to turn with the reinforcements they gave into an army of Thousands of wretched people, among the shepherds and peasants who deserted their lands, young men, thieves, vagrants and girls, drawing crosses on their clothes.
These forces passed through Paris to persuade the King of France to go on the campaign, but Philip V had no desire to go to the “Holy Land”, because he was busy trying to restore the lost provinces from his country, and because he was not eager to go to ” The Mohammedans “definitely repeat what happened to his great-grandfather St. Louis.
Even the Pope – as the magazine says – threatened this army with deprivation, so the miserable expelled from Paris headed to Toulouse, turning those who claim to be crusaders into a gang of thieves who terrorize, plunder, abuse and slaughter everyone in their way, targeting the Jews in the first place without fear of plundering churches and monasteries, and without That someone can stop this hungry locust that has ravaged the cities of Saint and Angoulême, and looted them. Advertising
Finally, this army, which became about 40,000, arrived in Toulouse on June 25, after passing through several cities and plundering them. The Jews sought refuge in Narbonne Castle, but the shepherds expelled them and slaughtered all those who refused to accept baptism, and the result was 115 dead.
This is a modal window.
We are facing an unexpected issue, check and try again shortly
Error code: MEDIA_ERR_UNKNOWN Session ID: 2021-05-03: 8c3eae7a49a69fdb1d43b9 Trigger object ID: vjs_video_3
From Toulouse, part of these forces went to Spain to continue the killing operations there, while part of them went up in the Garonne River, to where about 500 Jews closed on themselves the tower of Verdun Castle Sur Garonne, and quickly besieged them, so the Jews who were convinced in the end that there was no escape To them, to what could be considered a mass suicide.
Guillaume de Nanji, who died around 1300 AD, relates in his diary that “the shepherds set fire to one of the doors of the tower and disturbed the besieged Jews with smoke and fire, so the besieged decided to kill themselves instead of death at the hands of uncircumcised men. 500 of them went down from the tower with the children and a few men, and told the shepherds what he had done, asking for his baptism with the children, but the shepherds saw that he had committed a heinous crime against his nation in order to avoid death, and immediately cut off his limbs and killed him, then baptized the children to become faithful Catholics. After the ethnic cleansing was completed, the army of beggars continued their path and crimes – as the magazine says – in every city it passes by.
Although the King of France ordered “the good Christians to protect the Jews from this gang of barbarians, many Christians who were happy to kill the Jews refused to obey this order, saying that it is not fair to stand by the infidels, enemies of the Christian religion, in the face of their Catholic brothers.”
The diaries of Nanji conclude the epic of the shepherds who turned into thieves, saying, “Finally, the royal army, under the command of Emeric de Croos, intercepted the army of the shepherds at the gates of the city of Karon to scrape them there, chasing the survivors of them mercilessly, and in the autumn of 1320 all the shepherds returned to Heaven or to Hell. “.