Harvard University professor of international relations, Stephen Walt, called on Americans not to assume that the set of American values is better than the Chinese, saying that it is possible that Chinese values prove to be more attractive in many places in the world.
Walt explained – in an article for the US Foreign Policy website – that America and China do not pose a real threat to the sovereignty or independence of the other country. Given that they possess nuclear weapons that place decisive restrictions on the ability of either of them to force the other to do what they want, “and therefore, like it or not, the two countries will have to coexist with each other for long periods.” Read also Report: China and Russia represent the greatest threat to US national security Four hots pots of tension that may ignite a naval war between America and China Washington returns to its alliances to confront China and coordinates with its opponents in several files US Secretary of State: China is behaving in a more repressive manner at home and more hostile abroad
He said that one aspect of the competition between the two countries is of a material nature; Each one seeks to develop superior artificial intelligence capabilities, green energy technology and biomedical products, along with more advanced military capabilities, but the bulk of the competition will be around values, as each country seeks to defend the rules or standards it believes should be based on it. Global order and strengthening it. Thus, the question is who will ultimately win the most support around the world?
The writer emphasized that it is unlikely that either country will convert the other two into its preferred political ideology. China is not on the verge of becoming a multiparty democracy, and the United States will not be a capitalist one-party system
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Their respective standards
He said that Chinese standards affirm regional sovereignty, non-interference and acceptance of an international system that embraces different political systems, and gives priority to the group’s needs such as economic security over the rights or freedoms of the individual, in short; China seeks a “safe world order for tyranny,” according to the writer’s view.
On the contrary, the United States emphasizes the so-called liberal values based on the belief that all human beings have certain inalienable rights and are equal in these rights, including individual political and civil liberties and the democratic system. The United States has embedded these values in the documents and charters of the United Nations and other institutions that lead it, such as NATO.
Walt goes on to say that although the two countries have not adhered to these normative declarations; It is not “empty talk”. Then he asked about the set of criteria that could win, to say that tough strength and apparent material success will play a major role in winning, because the economic size affects the calculations of other countries, but we also have to take into account the intrinsic appeal of the ideas themselves; We wonder whether the liberal standards adopted by America and its closest allies are likely to be more attractive to others than China’s explicit defense of national sovereignty, its repeated assertion of non-interference, and its insistence that different countries have the right to develop political institutions in line with their cultures and historical experiences?
It is wise not to assume this, because China’s favorite set of rules is likely to prove attractive in many places.