With the advent of the bicentenary of the death of Napoleon Bonaparte, tension and controversy over his character and his role in the history of France is growing.
The British “Economist” newspaper says – in a report – that the first emperor of France was famous to some for his brilliance of military planning, strategic thinking, and ingenuity in leadership. He even left France with a modern, central administration and a feeling of pride. On the other hand, for others, he was a tyrant and thug who squandered French supremacy in Europe at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815, in which the British were victorious and crushed Napoleon’s army. Read also Bonaparte’s Egyptian Daughter .. The Narrative New of Charbel Dagher Bonaparte and the Ottoman pasha .. This is how the dreams of France were shattered at the walls Ali Bonaparte .. Did the French Emperor convert to Islam or deceive the Egyptians?
Napoleon was able to unite large parts of Europe by force, but he suffered successive defeats, the last of which was “Waterloo”, after which he sought refuge with the British forces, who deported him to the island of St. Helena in the Atlantic Ocean, and died there after 6 years, at the age of 51.
The other side of Napoleon
Coinciding with the bicentenary of his death on May 5, 1821, the controversy over the French emperor returned vigorously, as the representative of the French Left Party Alexis Corbert declared that “the French Republic should not celebrate its demise,” while the former President of the Constitutional Council Jean-Louis Debre said that “To overdo it” would be a “provocation.”
On the one hand, the Black Lives Matter movement supported those who refused to hold any celebration of a leader who restored slavery to the West Indies (in the French Caribbean) in 1802.
In this context, the Socialist Mayor of Saint Laurent, Nicholas Mayer-Rossiñol, said he wanted to replace the imposing bronze statue of the Emperor on horseback outside Normandy City Hall.
However, the French also admit that they owe much of the modernity of their country and its institutions, as well as the aspirations of their country, to the “Little Corsican” of the Mediterranean island in which he was born.
In an article on Raqia Diallo, the French writer in the Washington Post, about the French government’s decision to honor Napoleon Bonaparte, the “tyrant”, she mentioned that despite Bonaparte’s tyranny and the killing of millions of people in Africa and the Caribbean, he is still revered in France as a prominent figure.
She said that France this year is celebrating the 20th anniversary of the Tobira Act, which recognized that the slave trade and slavery constitute crimes against humanity, pointing out that Napoleon is closely linked to these crimes, “he reinstated slavery in 1802 after its abolition in 1794, and made France the first and only country. That took it back. ” https://www.youtube.com/embed/82vfc20njxk?version=3&rel=1&showsearch=0&showinfo=1&iv_load_policy=1&fs=1&hl=ar&autohide=2&wmode=transparent
Diallo pointed out that Macron said that this terrible decision was a “mistake, and a betrayal of the spirit of the Enlightenment,” saying, “But slavery was not a theoretical idea that Napoleon decided to oppose. He was a servant of Western economies, and he was not a hero, but a mass murderer who brutally suppressed challenges to his rule.”
As First Consul, Napoleon created the French Legal Code, the Bank of France and the Administrative Order for Provincial Governors and High Schools, the Legion of Honor, and much more. In a 2016 poll, Napoleon was named the second most important French man in history, after Charles de Gaulle. His tomb made of red quartzite in Les Invalides (7th arrondissement of Paris in France), which is completely isolated in a crypt below the dome, receives more than a million visitors annually, according to the British newspaper.
The Napoleon Foundation promised to release dozens of new books this spring, as well as to hold major conferences and exhibitions in Paris. “We have every reason to be proud of him,” said the French historian Patrice Genevi, who regards Napoleon as a historical figure of the same rank as Alexander the Great or Julius Caesar (both of which also killed many people).
In 2005, former President Jacques Chirac refused – in the midst of the protests at the time – to commemorate the bicentennial of Napoleon’s victory at the Battle of Austerlitz in 1805. In general, the talk shows discuss what to do this year, and the truth about whether Napoleon’s legacy is harmful or Useful for France.