The professor of jurisprudence, its fundamentals and contemporary issues at the College of Sharia in Qatar, Fadl Abdullah Murad, rejected the talk of some people about closing the door of ijtihad, considering that a disaster that struck Islamic jurisprudence, stressing that Ijtihad is a divine flow that God gives whom God wills.
Murad added – in an interview to episode (5/4/2021) of the program “Sharia and life in Ramadan” – that we are the nation of reading and the nation of the pen. The first thing that was revealed from the Holy Quran is the saying of God Almighty (recite in the name of your Lord who created), and His saying (Who taught With the pen), and in the Almighty’s saying (Read and your Lord is the Most Generous) meaning the link between Akramism and reading, whenever you read, God Almighty will honor you.
Murad added that jurisprudence is a form of knowledge derived from the Qur’an and Sunnah, and Imam Abu Hanifa defined it as knowledge of the lawful and forbidden.
He explained that God Almighty said (rather it is evident verses in the issuance of those who have given knowledge), and the Prophet, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, said, “Whoever returns God with goodness, he will understand religion,” which means that fiqh in religion is a competence that requires study and effort. So that the world is qualified to assume the responsibility of declaring God Almighty, provided that this statement is also purely for God Almighty, so that “the religion is all for God,” meaning that the fatwa is purely for God and is not subject to political, public, financial or other pressures.
Militancy is not from Sharia
Murad pointed out that the Noble Qur’an made clear that there are classes for whom people have to ask, the first of which is the people of remembrance as in the words of God Almighty (so ask the people of Dhikr if you do not know), then the rank of firmness in knowledge in the Almighty’s saying (but those who are firm in knowledge are among them), then The level of divinity that comes from piety, as in his saying (guidance for the righteous).
The professor of jurisprudence at the College of Sharia stated that extremism is not part of the Sharia, for Islam is a moderate religion, (and we have made you a middle nation), and moderation is one of the purposes of Sharia.
Murad stressed the need to respect the specializations, just as people respect the specialization of doctors, engineers and others, the specialization of scholars in matters of jurisprudence and Sharia should also be respected, warning of the harm of social media in this regard, as some read pen pointers on one of the topics and think that they have taken note of the matter. Some people search for specific issues with the aim of “excitement”, and call themselves “thinkers.”
Murad called this type of people “the thinker of the seven issues”, which are always raised, such as the issues of women, the hadiths of the Sundays, Sahih al-Bukhari and others.
Murad explained that matters of religion come in 3 ranks: The first is clear evidences that do not require a scholar’s question, and from the mercy of God that the question was made on the Day of Resurrection on these matters, and the second place was the group’s opinion on public and public matters, and the third rank was the fatwa of the individual scholar. Advertising
Murad indicated that Islamic jurisprudence passed through several stages The first was the stage of prophethood, where the commissioning came with revelation, and the second, the stage of the Companions, stressing the need to read and learn about the fatwas of the Companions that were based directly on the Qur’an and Sunnah only, and the third, the phase of the followers, and the fourth, the phase of the four imams who established the doctrines and warned against imitation.