Qatar University professor of jurisprudence and contemporary issues, Fadl Murad, said that Islam has come to change the world according to the Quran and Sunnah, because of rights, justice, freedoms, equality and distribution of wealth that the Koran holds, and change the status of women from what they were.
He added in his interview to the episode (04/16/2021) of the program “Sharia and Life in Ramadan”, that before Islam, women were oppressed and sold as a commodity in most cultures. of the world, and according to some beliefs, women did not have the right to live after the death of their husbands and to be killed or burned. Other cultures see it as an evil spirit created to serve men.
He added that deliberations against women were going on in many cultures and religions over whether or not she was a human being, but Islam came and spoke about women in three points. The first step is to remove them from the previous situation and confirm that they are human. beings created from the sex of men and are equal to it as in the noble verse. People if we made you out of a man and a woman. “
And the second stage in which Islam honored the woman and made it a sign from God according to the text of the Sharia: “One of its verses is that He created for you husbands of yourselves for dwell with them, and He made love and mercy between you. . And the third stage is known as the legal stage, and the rights are determined for her since she is a fetus in her mother’s womb, when she accepts gifts and wills and accepts parents.
Islam also stipulates clear constitutional provisions for women, such as alimony, and jurists have recognized that alimony for a woman goes from the cradle to the grave, even if she has money from the trade or money. inheritance, etc., and women have an important role to play. in Islam, which began with the consultation of his wives by the Messenger in the darkest circumstances, and the participation of Muslim women in medical treatment during invasions.
Guardianship in Islam
Regarding the understanding of the guardianship of women in Islam, Fadl Murad pointed out that there is a problem in the understanding of qiwama, calling on Muslims to return to the understanding of the Companions, may God be pleased with them, so not to be influenced by the traditional contributions that were later added by doctrines or social norms, stressing that the problem lies in the understanding of religiosity and its commitment to it and not in legal texts.
As for the words of Almighty God, “Men have a degree,” the verse means that the man must spend for the woman and it is not permissible for him to ask her to spend for her, and if it is difficult for the man to spend on her for 3 consecutive or separate days, then she has the right to ask the judiciary to annul the marriage contract.
A woman’s voice
Regarding the discussion of a woman’s voice and considering it to be nudity, the professor of jurisprudence and contemporary issues denied the existence of a legal text stating that a woman’s voice is nudity and should not not be heard, and confirmed that the Qur’an spoke of the one who quarreled with her husband, while the stories tell of women who discussed the caliphs, and the companions agreed that their opinions were correct.
He added that the Quran warns against submission by saying and establishes controls in a woman’s speech and voice to protect and preserve her, but instead asked her to speak well. Publicity
Inheritance for a woman
Regarding the suspicions that accompany the sharing of the inheritance and the injustice of Islam towards women in this area, Fadl Murad said that there is a global attack on Islam without knowledge of the facts because the issue of inheritance is revealed by God and the inheritance is not divided on the basis of sex, but rather that the inheritance has ranks due to kinship and equality between men and women, and in some case, he takes the woman but not the man.
He added that those who inherit two-thirds are women, and 80% of those who inherit half are women, and the man shares the wife in a quarter, eighth and sixth, and this is evidence that inheritance is based on kinship and not on sex. .
Regarding the determination of the age of marriage in Islam, he pointed out that religion does not impose a specific age, but rather makes it a healthy and customary social issue, as it is left to society and what is required by nature, what is required by interest, and the laws imposed by the state.