The crises cast a dark shadow over the Lebanese people, but their impact is severe on Syrian refugees, as the most vulnerable and vulnerable groups.
The repercussions of the collapse exacerbated the disappointments of hundreds of their young people who saw Lebanon as their second country in which they lived their experiences and longed for a bright future in its arms, and suddenly the hopes of many of them fell. collapsed and became overwhelmed. by a feeling of helplessness and loss. Read also They were found kissing under the snow. Details of the deaths of two Syrian refugees and their two children in the mountains of Lebanon Deteriorating conditions for Syrian refugees in Lebanon Liberation: Syrian refugees and impossible return Syrian refugees in Arsal face difficult conditions due to snowfall
Ten years ago, the small country Lebanon, was one of the first Arab countries to which the Syrians sought refuge, fleeing the war machine, after the outbreak of the revolution against the Syrian regime in 2011.
Perhaps the geographical proximity between Lebanon and Syria, and their sharing of long land borders, and dozens of crossings, some of them regular and most of them not subject to border control (by where spend the escape and smuggling operations), have made the sons of the two countries share political crises and economic and living suffering.
Over time, Lebanon had the highest percentage of Syrian refugees in the world in relation to its area and population (around 6 million people), the number of refugees officially registered with the United Nations High Commissioner for refugees (UNHCR) in December 2020 reaching around 865,331 refugees, while the number of Syrian refugees actually residing in Lebanese territory is estimated at 1.5 million, including around 600,000 Syrians living in tents in around 2,800 random camps .
During the recent period, economic and living conditions have deteriorated sharply in Lebanon, with the lira collapsing in unprecedented ways (its circulation exceeded 13 thousand against dollars on the black market), and scenes of stampede on the stations. -service and ovens and feuds over subsidized goods have increased, and indicators of individual crimes and thefts have increased, and rates achieved Unemployment is around one million unemployed, according to Nasser Yassin, researcher and scholar at the American University of Beirut.
This reality affects all residents, citizens and refugees, but young refugees face a double crisis, according to Yassin’s interview with Al-Jazeera Net, as conditions for a safe return to Syria are not available. , and they may be subject to security prosecution or some of them may be wanted for military service, when Lebanon has become a loathsome environment.
Yassin believes the solution remains as young refugees seek to immigrate to ensure the chances of settling in a foreign country more stable than Lebanon, “to fuel the fear of resuming waves of irregular migration across the sea.” as the summer season approaches. ” Publicity
And between the anguish of remaining in Lebanon and the pursuit of leaving it after their first flight from Syria, he tells the young Syrians of Al-Jazeera Net 3 their story of their refuge, and their successes seem fraught with dangers, while ‘they raise the slogan “There is no return to Syria until return is safe.”
Shaima: Where am I going by myself?
Shaima Al-Hazwani came from Hama to Lebanon in 2010, a year before the war, for the purpose of education, so she joined the psychology department of the Lebanese University, and she wanted to return to work in Syria after having completed her studies, but the deteriorating security situation in her country forced her to settle in Lebanon, when she was legally unable to obtain authorization to practice her profession as a psychotherapist.
Shaima didn’t give up, so she volunteered in youth teams, and she moved between Tripoli and Beirut, and she worked with a number of associations, and her tasks focused on psychological aspects and protection from conflict issues between regions that have experienced security confrontations, in particular in Jabal Mohsen and Bab al-Tabbaneh in northern Lebanon.
Shaima believes she has built her character and future in Lebanon, and says she has worked with passion for 10 years and volunteered for relief campaigns for the victims of the Beirut port explosion on August 4, 2020, and “I sought to advance the nature of the relationship between the Lebanese community and the Syrian refugees, in particular at the“ Human ”level.
Shaima lost her brother in the Syrian war last year and since the fall of 2019 she has started to collide with the Lebanese reality and has come to resemble Syria with its economic and social suffering and the continuing tensions. , she said.
The deterioration of the situation prevented Shaima from completing the final stage of obtaining a master’s degree, and she now faces stressful professional circumstances, after her financial resources have dwindled, and she seems unable to achieve her effort of leave Lebanon, because his passport alone gives him the possibility of returning to Syria, which is “impossible”. For her, she also cannot get a scholarship to travel after she is over thirty.
Shaima just has to keep on resisting and waiting in the hope of improving conditions.
Shaima concluded her speech by saying that she finds herself today stranded: “I have no future in Lebanon, I cannot go back to Syria, and there is no way to emigrate… Where am I going myself? ”
Fadi: He will stay with the last refugee
Fadi Al-Halabi, 37, fled Damascus in Lebanon in 2013, and he is a neurosurgeon because it is the closest safe place he could resort to. It is a humanitarian organization that takes care of Syrian refugees in Lebanon to strengthen their capacities.
Fadi, through his asylum in Lebanon, ensured his personal safety and gave up his profession. “To add an initiative to serve Syrian refugees, it’s better than adding a doctor of neurosurgery in Syria,” as he puts it.
Thus, Fadi describes his asylum in Lebanon as a personal strategic choice, as he provided educational services to around 3,000 Syrian students in the Bekaa through “Mapes”, which includes around 350 Syrian volunteers, inside. educational complexes resembling buses distributed in 9 camps, with a double message, that the refugee schools will take them to Syria In the end, staying in Lebanon is a temporary step, because education does not wait.
Through vocational training programs, he was able to train thousands of refugees, and the MMS robotics team – known as the “Hope of Syria” team – rekindled the pride of the refugees, having won several medals and braved gold by entering a competition. in Mexico in 2018.
After 10 years of revolution, “we began to face the repercussions of the collapse in Lebanon, and the refugees began to struggle against the suffering on the Lebanese and Syrian sides, due to the accumulation of economic, social and economic crises. sanitary facilities. “
Despite the scarcity of resources and growing challenges, Fadi insists on its “functional” presence in Lebanon. He fears that the living crisis is associated with security risks. He, along with a number of groups, seeks to immunize the refugee community from racial discrimination. The last Syrian refugee. “
Anas: I’m looking for a way to emigrate
Before his asylum in Lebanon, Anas Tello (30) was arrested twice, following his participation in peaceful anti-regime protests, and his father was killed in 2012 during raids on the ground by the regime’s army .
Anas majored in architecture in Damascus, and in 2013 he was invited to a conference in Turkey, and he was forced to travel there via Lebanon, and upon her return she informed her family that he was wanted for investigation by the Syrian intelligence services. , so he decided to stay in Lebanon, “after my Samoudi was exhausted in Syria”.
From Beirut, Anas started his journey from scratch, contacting refugees he knew with shared accommodation, quickly merging with humanitarian initiatives, working with certain associations and focusing his attention on defending the issues of refugee women in Lebanon. So he coordinated a large number of them and trained with them, as he coordinated with Lebanese groups supporting refugee issues, morally and legally.
After consolidating his experience, he decided two years ago to complete his graduate studies, specializing in the social anthropology of the city, and through this he sought to understand the city as a living space for all inhabitants, whatever their sects, ethnicities and nationalities. , and he placed first in his class at the Lebanese University.
Nonetheless, Anas lives with the anguish of a “temporary life”, as he says that “Syria, in its current situation, is not sure to return, if there is no real political solution, at least come to terms with what has happened to us, and ensure a period of transitional justice that holds offenders who have their hands stained with the blood of our people to account. “
Anas thinks Lebanon embraced the young refugees who found refuge for their dreams, but after the wheel of collapse turned he started to feel lost, and “the difficulty of leaving became the same. that the difficulty of staying ”.
Today, Anas is looking for a way to emigrate from Lebanon, as it is no longer safe for vulnerable groups, and he fears that the economic crisis will generate security crises, and that “the refugees will pay a heavy price. ”