Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi said today that the issue of the Ethiopian Renaissance Dam is existential for Egypt, which will not accept harming its water interests or compromising the capabilities of its people, while a US congressional delegation visiting Sudan said that Ethiopia has the right to build the dam, and Sudan has the right to obtain On technical information.
During his meeting with the US envoy to the Horn of Africa, Jeffrey Feltman, Al-Sisi added that his country is seeking to reach a fair, fair and legally binding agreement to fill and operate the Renaissance Dam, including through the negotiations process sponsored by the African Union. Read also A new Sudanese move on the Renaissance Dam With accusations of intransigence, escalation and internationalization … What will happen to the Renaissance Dam crisis if the second mobilization is completed without an agreement?Behind the news – Does the Biden administration have a solution to the Renaissance Dam crisis?
The Egyptian President called for Washington to play an influential role in resolving the Renaissance Dam crisis between Ethiopia on the one hand and Egypt and Sudan on the other hand.
A statement by the Egyptian Presidency stated that the American envoy said that his country is serious about solving the Renaissance Dam crisis, “given the great importance of this sensitive issue to Egypt and the region, which requires reaching a just and comprehensive settlement.”
The two Egyptian Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry and Water Resources and Irrigation met today, Wednesday, with the American envoy to the Horn of Africa, and the two sides discussed the developments of the Renaissance Dam negotiations. As “the filling process must take place according to an agreement that takes into account the interests of the two downstream countries and limits its harm to them.”
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Variation of positions
Addis Ababa insists on the second filling of the dam in July and August, even if no agreement is reached, and says that it does not aim to harm the interests of Egypt and Sudan, and that the purpose of building the dam is to generate electricity.
On the other hand, Egypt and Sudan adhere to reaching a tripartite agreement that preserves their water facilities and ensures the continued flow of their annual share of the Nile water, estimated at 55.5 billion cubic meters and 18.5 billion cubic meters, respectively.
In a related context, US Senator Christopher Kunz said that Washington will not accept harming the capabilities of Egypt and its people, and will seek to reach a fair and equitable agreement. In a press conference held by a US congressional delegation visiting Khartoum, Senator Kunz added that Ethiopia has the right to obtain electricity and build the dam, but through an agreement that takes into account the interests of all countries in the region, stressing that Sudan has the right to obtain technical information on the Renaissance Dam.
The US legislator stated that the US envoy to the Horn of Africa will make further efforts to solve the Renaissance Dam crisis.
On the border dispute between Sudan and Ethiopia, Kunz said that the delegation supports Sudanese sovereignty over its territory, but is also keen to reduce tension between the two countries.
And the Sudanese Prime Minister Abdullah Hamdok said that a binding agreement must be reached on the Renaissance Dam, considering that the absence of that makes Sudan at the mercy of Ethiopia, as he put it. Hamdok added that the world should realize the real risks that the Renaissance Dam poses to the safety of people in Sudan and Egypt.
While Hamdok affirmed Sudan’s respect for the African Union and its role in the dam file, he called for activating the role of observers so that they would turn into real mediators to be able to conclude an agreement quickly.
The Sudanese Minister of Irrigation, Yasser Abbas, warned that the Renaissance Dam poses a threat to half of the population of Sudan, and confirmed Sudan’s keenness and determination to negotiate with all parties as it is the only way to end this problem. Ababa.
The Ethiopian response
On the other hand, Ethiopia accused Sudan of misleading the Sudanese and the international community – according to the Ethiopian Foreign Ministry’s description – on issues related to the borders and the tripartite negotiations on the Renaissance Dam.
The Ethiopian Ministry of Foreign Affairs said that Addis Ababa categorically rejects any attempts to preserve the water quota agreements, which it described as unfair, considering that the insistence of the downstream countries on monopolizing the waters of the Nile and the politicization of technical issues are the two main challenges that faced the tripartite negotiations regarding the Renaissance Dam.
The statement called for a peaceful solution to the border issues with Sudan, and the completion of the tripartite negotiations on the Renaissance Dam in accordance with the Declaration of Principles Agreement.