David Schenker, the former US Assistant Secretary of State, ruled out that the high-ranking US delegation headed by Jeffrey Feltman had come up with ready-made solutions to offer or impose them on the three countries concerned with the Renaissance Dam crisis.
According to Schenker’s statements to the “Beyond the News” program in its episode on (4/5/2021), despite the importance the Biden administration attaches to the situation in the Horn of Africa and the crises facing it, foremost of which is the Renaissance Dam crisis However, the delegation’s visit is nothing more than an exchange of information and points of view with the concerned countries in the Renaissance Dam crisis, and then an attempt to bring the views of these countries closer together.
Schenker indicated that the United States and the European Union agree on the need for the African Union to lead efforts to end the Renaissance Dam crisis, although he stressed that this crisis was internationalized after the intervention of the Europeans, Americans and the United Nations in it.
Therefore, Schenker believed that if some of the three crisis countries are not convinced of the international viewpoint on keeping the crisis under the umbrella of the African Union, then these countries may go to the UN Security Council in search of solutions, and there may emerge more hardline international positions or bias towards one of the parties to the crisis than some Permanent members of the Council.
Regarding the hints of the Egyptian President, Abdel Fattah El-Sisi, that he is ready to go to the military option to save his country’s share of the Nile water, Shanker stressed that the military option will never be a solution to the crisis, and that the upstream country Ethiopia and the downstream countries Egypt and Sudan should sit together under African supervision and American and European control, and strive To narrow the areas of disagreement between them.
Schenker indicated that Khartoum’s position was, until recently, closer to the Ethiopian position; However, this position has completely changed due to several factors, including the displacement of tens of thousands of Ethiopians to Sudan due to the war in the Tigray region, as well as the border conflict between the two countries.
In turn, the chief analyst for Ethiopian affairs in the Crisis Group, William Davison, supported the view of the former US official regarding the Biden administration’s approach to the Renaissance Dam crisis.
Davison said that the major international powers represented by the United States, the European Union and the United Nations, as well as the regional ones represented by the African Union are seeking to push the three countries of the crisis to agree among themselves to solve the problem of the Renaissance Dam without imposing solutions from outside.
He indicated that the administration of former US President Donald Trump tried to impose solutions to this crisis; But Addis Ababa refused to comply with them, and insisted that the matter remain in the hands of the African Union. Advertising
Despite the Ethiopian rejection of Trump’s solutions, However, the latter tacitly returned to support the Ethiopian government’s position in the crisis and conflict in the Tigray region, according to Davison.