An American delegation, led by two prominent members of the Senate, arrived in Sudan on Monday to discuss regional tension, amid an escalating dispute over the second filling of the Renaissance Dam that Ethiopia is building on the Blue Nile.
Sudanese media said that the delegation – led by Senator Christopher Kunz and Senator Chris Van Hollen – will hold talks with senior Sudanese officials over a period of 3 days. Read also Submission, withdrawal, or escalation? .. What will Egypt and Sudan do in light of Ethiopia’s insistence on filling the Renaissance Dam?From Sudan to Uganda and Burundi .. Is Egypt seeking to encircle Ethiopia in the Nile Basin?Electricity export … the upcoming energy struggle between Egypt and Ethiopia
It is noteworthy that Senator Kunz drafted the “Sudan Immunity” law, which was approved by Congress at the end of last year, to restore the sovereign immunity of Khartoum against terrorism-related cases.
Meanwhile, Sudanese Foreign Minister Maryam Al-Sadiq Al-Mahdi said that her country is dealing with the second filling of the Ethiopian Renaissance Dam as a “national security” issue, and renewed its warning against Addis Ababa’s taking this step without an agreement with Khartoum and Cairo.
This came in a statement issued by Al-Mahdi on Monday after her meeting with the President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Felix Tshisekedi, in the capital, Kinshasa, at the end of an African tour that began Thursday, which included Kenya, Rwanda and Uganda, to explain her country’s position in the dispute over the Renaissance Dam.
The minister affirmed her country’s confidence in the DRC’s leadership of the African Union in its current session, and “dealing seriously and responsibly with the Renaissance Dam file and sponsoring negotiations around it.”
She said, “Sudan gives the issue of the second filling of the dam the utmost attention, as it is a national security issue that affects the lives of millions of Sudanese on the banks of the Blue Nile and the Main Nile.”
And she stressed the need to reach a comprehensive and binding legal agreement between the three countries (Sudan, Egypt and Ethiopia) regarding filling and operating the dam before next July.
The Sudanese statement said that President Tshisekedi expressed – during the meeting – his “understanding of Sudan’s position and its clear demands,” and promised to make efforts “to find a solution to the crisis that addresses the interests and concerns of all parties, in a way that achieves security and stability in the region.”
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Ethiopia insists on commencing the second filling of the Renaissance Dam during the next rainy season in July and August, despite the rejection of Egypt and Sudan and their requirement to first reach a tripartite agreement that preserves their water installations and ensures the continued flow of their annual share of the Nile water, estimated at 55.5 billion cubic meters. And 18.5 billion cubic meters, respectively. Advertising
The rhetoric of mutual accusations and statements intensified recently, amid stalled negotiations.
Complaint to the Security Council
On Sunday, the Ethiopian media revealed that the Ethiopian Foreign Minister Demiki Mekonnen sent a letter to the UN Security Council last week accusing Egypt and Sudan of seeking to destabilize.
The letter stated that Cairo and Khartoum signed a bilateral military agreement that “bypasses the threat of war,” and are trying to pressure Addis Ababa by disrupting negotiations to internationalize the Renaissance Dam file, according to Ethiopian media.
The complaint added that “the actions of Egypt and Sudan show their lack of respect for the principles of the African Union and the desire to destabilize.”
Last March, the Chiefs of Staff of the Sudanese and Egyptian armies signed a military cooperation agreement covering the areas of training and border security, in parallel to political coordination at the highest levels on the issue of the Renaissance Dam that Ethiopia is building on the Blue Nile, the main tributary of the Nile River.